Important philosophers and their works any student of philosophy will want to be familiar with key figures like plato, kant, descartes, locke, nietzsche, marx, confucius, sartre as well as great works such as the republic, beyond good and evil, meditations, and more. The ancient greeks didn't make a distinction between philosophy and science, nor did they recognize the range of disciplines such as physics, chemistry, mathematics, astronomy, etc that we do today hippocrates, the greek father of medicine,. Ancient greek scientists have many inventions and discoveries attributed to them, rightly or wrongly, especially in the areas of astronomy, geography, and mathematics ptolemy's world, from the atlas of ancient and classical geography by samuel butler, ernest rhys, editor (suffolk, 1907, repr 1908.
Thales of miletus is regarded by many as the father of science he was the first greek philosopher to seek to explain the physical world in terms of natural rather than supernatural causes science in ancient greece was based on logical thinking and mathematics. Greek knowledge was ascendant in philosophy, physics, chemistry, medicine, and mathematics for nearly two thousand years the romans did not have the greek temperament for philosophy and science, but they had a genius for law and civil administration. Ancient greek philosophy from thales, who is often considered the first western philosopher, to the stoics and skeptics, ancient greek philosophy opened the doors to a particular way of thinking that provided the roots for the western intellectual tradition. History ancient greece the ancient greeks made many advancements in science and technology greek philosophers began to look at the world in different ways they came up with theories on how the world worked and thought that the natural world obeyed certain laws that could be observed and learned through study.
Muslim contributions in medicine, science & technology was a scientist of medicine, philosophy, mathematics & astronomy he was particularly noted for his contributions in the fields of. Ancient greek mathematicians contributed many important developments to the field of mathematics, including the basic rules of geometry, the idea of formal mathematical proof, discoveries in number theory, mathematical analysis, applied mathematics, and they began to formulate calculus. However, roman science, art and philosophy were heavily influenced by the greek tradition given this roman admiration of all things greek it is, therefore, no wonder that one of the most important roman philosophers, plotinus (204-270 ce), is the founder of neo-platonism.
Plato, an ancient greek philosopher, founded the academy, a place of learning and debate his writings would come to form the basis for the western philosophical tradition. Identify some greeks who made significant contributions to science, mathematics, and medicine during the hellenic age, and briefly describe their achievements greek philosopher responsible for the saying, man is the measure of all things made important contributions to mathematics, engineering, and physics koine greek. It examines the role and achievement of science and mathematics in greek antiquity through discussion of the linguistic, literary, political, religious, sociological, and technological factors that influenced scientific thought and practice.
Farabi contributed considerably to science, philosophy, logic, sociology, psychology, medicine, mathematics and music he was also an encyclopedist author of large number of books on several subjects embodying his original contribution he came to be known as the “secont teacher” (al-muallam al-sani) aristotle being the first. Euclid and his contributions euclid was an ancient greek mathematician from alexandria who is best known for his major work, elements although little is known about euclid the man, he taught in a school that he founded in alexandria, egypt, around 300 bce source for information on euclid and his contributions: mathematics dictionary. The republic, a philosophical work produced in 380 bce and still discussed in modern curriculum, is one of the more commonly known contributions of plato the republic addresses justice and politics another contribution of plato is the academy, an institution at which students could study astronomy, biology, mathematics and politics. Contribution 31 historical background hellenistic greece became centers of greek scholarship, and greek philosophy and science were translated into syriac •medicine, astronomy, astrology, mathematics, alchemy, and natural history do have obvious utilitarian applications.
The famous scientist-philosopher, abu ‘ali al-husayn bin ‘allah ibn sina (980-1037), known in europe as avicenna, had an encyclopedic mind and a photographic memory and was the greatest writer of medicine in the middle ages. Roman mathematics, as with earlier greek views on the discipline, maintained a strong link with philosophy always interested in the practical application of theory, mathematics tended to focus, too, on natural phenomena and astronomy. The ancient greeks were the driving force behind the development of western astronomy and science, their philosophers learning from the work of others and adding their own interpretations and observations science and mathematics in ancient greek culture oxford, uk: oxford university press.